H OW TO READ / ROMANIZE KOREAN
Now check your answers! Did you get them right?
Under different environments, sound shifters become a
This character is silent at the start of a word (to follow the rule of consonants always starting first in words). As when you want to say single vowel sounds like "ah" or "oh" you still need a consonant at the beginning to satisfy the rule, rather than the vowel standing by itself. Placed at the end, it is pronounced "ng"
Ex: sound shifters
Ok, hold on there's more in the chart below.
All examples that follow are words. This means under normal circumstances, there will be no space between them
Ex: Starting sounds
Sounds remain the same as according to the chart
Ex: Middle Sounds
Take care when you see sound shifters while romanizing, to check their position, and if it will affect its sound.
Sometimes, you may see consonant clusters. These are words with four symbols in one word.
When this happens, and if the cluster 'r m' (in this case), is followed by a consonant ('d'), then usually one of the two in the cluster is pronounced and the other is not. More rules apply, but that will do for a rough romanization. Usually you will only know these things as you become familiar with the language.
When the cluster is followed by a vowel
("eo" in this case [not counting the silent 'O']), then usually
the second of the cluster ("m" in this case) is taken over to
the next word, and attached there (creating "meo" in this case).
Also remember that 'r' at the end of a character becomes 'l' (making "cheol").
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Now romanize these words. Answers on next
(and last!) page.